Mars Exploration

The Top 5 Countries leading in Mars Exploration

Follow Us:

In the awe-inspiring pursuit of exploring the mysteries beyond our home planet, Mars has
emerged as a tantalizing target for human curiosity and scientific inquiry. Over the years,
several nations have embarked on ambitious journeys to unravel the secrets of the enigmatic
Red Planet. From cutting-edge robotic missions to visionary plans for human colonization, a
select few countries have propelled themselves to the forefront of Mars exploration. In this
blog, we will have a look at the top five countries spearheading the quest for understanding
Mars not only showcases their technological prowess but also exemplifies humanity’s
relentless spirit of exploration and discovery.

Why Mars Exploration Matters?

Mars, the fourth planet from the Sun, resembles Earth in size and day-night cycle, making it a
prime target for exploration. Understanding Mars holds the key to unraveling our solar
system’s history, as it likely shared Earth-like conditions in its past. This aids in
comprehending our planet’s evolution and habitability.

Additionally, Mars probes the possibility of extraterrestrial life, given its past potential for
sustaining life. Finding such evidence would reshape our cosmic understanding. Furthermore,
Mars exploration aids in preparing for human missions by honing our expertise in surviving
its challenges.

Recent news highlights the Perseverance rover’s successful Martian mission and the growing
global interest in future human expeditions. Despite the complexities, Mars exploration
promises insights into our origin, the quest for life, and the eventual human venture onto its
terrain, all contributing to an exciting future.

Below is the list of 5 Countries leading in Mars Exploration:

1. USA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and space research. The US is currently leading the chart of the countries in space technology, accounting for over 30% of the operational spacecraft currently in orbit around Earth.
  • Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • Number of Missions: 50
  • Successful Missions: 8

For over 50 years, NASA has probed Mars, yielding significant insights into the success rate of Mars mission.

The Viking landers’ 1976 success marked the first Mars touchdown, revealing signs of past water and a denser atmosphere, suggesting past habitability.

Spirit and Opportunity rovers in 2004 unveiled ancient riverbeds and lakes, attesting to earlier water activity.

Curiosity’s 2012 arrival brought organic molecule discovery, fundamental to life’s building blocks.

Perseverance, in 2021, searches for ancient life and gathers rock samples for future analysis.

Upcoming ventures include the Mars Sample Return Mission (2026) to bring samples back, the Rosalind Franklin rover (2022) hunting for ancient life signs, and the Mars Ascent Vehicle (2030s) to transport collected samples.

These missions extend NASA’s legacy of Mars exploration, laying the groundwork for human missions by the mid-2030s.

Challenges aside, NASA remains steadfast in its commitment to unraveling Mars’ mysteries, each mission unveiling new facets of the Red Planet’s potential for life and advancement toward human exploration dreams.

click here to know more about NASA


2. China

Established on 22 April 1993, China National Space Administration (CNSA) is the national space agency of China. It is responsible for the national space program and also for the planning and development of space activities.
  • Agency: China National Space Administration (CNSA)
  • Number of Missions: 5
  • Successful Missions: 4

China’s Mars exploration, orchestrated by the China National Space Administration (CNSA), has rapidly evolved into a significant global endeavor. Marking a pivotal achievement, CNSA secured its position as the second nation to triumphantly land a rover on Mars.

Retracing its journey, CNSA’s initial Mars endeavor, the Yinghuo-1 orbiter launched in 2011 in partnership with the Russian Space Agency, faced a launch vehicle mishap that prevented its Martian arrival.

Progressing resolutely, the Tianwen-1 mission, launched in July 2020, successfully reached Mars in February 2021.

The subsequent landing and exploration have brought substantial revelations about Mars’ atmosphere, geology, and potential for life.

The trajectory ahead is equally ambitious, with the Tianwen-2 rover mission scheduled for 2028 and a sample-return mission, Tianwen-3, set for 2033.

CNSA envisions even grander goals, contemplating a human mission to Mars in the 2040s and the establishment of a permanent base.

These milestones underscore CNSA’s transformative impact on Mars exploration, propelling humanity’s understanding of the cosmos.

click here to know more about CNSA

3. Russia

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, (Roscosmos) commonly known as Roscosmos, was established on 25 February 1992, HQ at Moscow Russia.
  • Agency: Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, (Roscosmos)
  • Number of Missions: 14
  • Successful Missions: 3

Roscosmos, Russia’s space agency, boasts a storied history of Mars exploration.

It all began with the 1971 Mars 3 mission, which, while brief, marked their first foray.

Subsequent missions, like Phobos 1 and 2, Mars Express, and the collaborative Mars Science Orbiter with NASA, contributed significantly to our Mars knowledge.

In 2012, Roscosmos sent the Mars Curiosity rover, a pivotal discovery tool.

It uncovered evidence of Mars’ habitability in the past, revolutionizing our understanding of the planet.

The future is just as promising. Roscosmos has plans to launch the ExoMars Rosalind Franklin rover in 2024 to search for Martian life signs.

Simultaneously, Roscosmos is developing the Angara A5M heavy-lift launch vehicle for upcoming Mars missions, scheduled for a 2025 debut.

Roscosmos continues to play a leading role in Mars exploration, answering fundamental questions about our solar system.

click here to know more about Roscosmos

4. European Union

United Kingdom
Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, the European Space Agency (ESA)is an intergovernmental organization of 27 member states dedicated to the exploration of space. It has a worldwide staff of about 2,200 in 2018 and an annual budget of about €6.68 billion in 2020.
  • Agency: European Space Agency (ESA)
  • Number of Missions: 6
  • Successful Missions: 2

ESA’s two-decade-long Mars exploration encompasses its past achievements, present pursuits, and future ambitions.

Since its inaugural 2003 launch, Mars Express has endured in orbit, revealing water ice in polar caps and signs of ancient waterways.

The 2016 Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) seeks life’s traces via a Martian atmosphere study, detecting potential methane indicators.

Next, the Rosalind Franklin rover, set to launch in 2028, will become Europe’s first Mars rover, collecting samples for return to Earth.

ESA’s findings include water ice at the poles and beneath, ancient lake and river imprints, a thin Martian atmosphere, and methane hints.

These discoveries shape our Mars understanding and fuel innovations for upcoming missions.

Committed to Mars exploration, ESA co-partners with NASA for the Mars Sample Return campaign, extends the TGO mission, and contributes to the Mars Climate Sounder on NASA’s orbiter.

ESA’s Mars legacy persists, propelling deeper cosmic comprehension.

click here to know more about ESA

5. India

Mars Exploration
  • Agency: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
  • Number of Missions: 1
  • Successful Missions: 1

ISRO, a pioneer in space exploration, showcased its ingenuity with the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) in 2013.

MOM’s successful arrival into Mars’ orbit in 2014 marked India as the fourth nation to achieve this milestone and it also marked the feat of being one of the countries to reach Mars in the first attempt.

Designed as a low-cost venture, MOM not only tested technologies for future missions but also revealed insights into the Martian atmosphere and surface, aiding site selection for future landings.

Looking ahead, the Mars Orbiter Mission 2 (MOM-2) is on the horizon for a 2024 launch.

With an expanded scientific payload, MOM-2 aims to delve deeper into Mars’ mysteries.

ISRO’s strides in Mars exploration underscore its commitment to pushing boundaries.

These missions collectively speak of India’s evolving space capabilities and the dedication of the ISRO team.

As we anticipate upcoming missions, we celebrate ISRO’s contributions to humanity’s quest for knowledge beyond our planet.

In the captivating saga of Mars exploration, a constellation of front-runners has emerged as Mars mission successful countries. The United States, Russia, China, India, and the European Space Agency have orchestrated triumphs that spotlight human ingenuity and international collaboration. Their achievements, from pioneering rovers to capturing captivating Martian landscapes, serve as a beacon for aspiring spacefarers. These trailblazing nations remind us that the cosmos is not just a frontier of scientific discovery, but a testament to human resolve and the allure of the unknown for Mars mission successful countries.

Tejas Tahmankar



Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Get updates and learn from the best

Scroll to Top

Hire Us To Spread Your Content

Fill this form and we will call you.