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History of Google – From 1996 to 2019

History of Google

Google played a crucial role in shaping the modern internet and still is playing its role.  Today, the way we live our lives, the way we search or look for things is mostly because of Google. It directly or indirectly impacts millions of people and it continues to impact many more lives. There’s no doubt it’s the ‘Modern Day Oxygen’.  It began in the year 1996, when two of the brightest mind at Stanford University in California, Larry Page and Sergey Brin developed a search algorithm at first known as ‘BackRub’ with the help of two friends Scott Hassan and Alan Steremberg. The word Google has no full form but is generated from the word ‘googol’ which means a huge number. The word Google was misspelled and later decided to use it as the company’s name. Google.com was registered in the year 1997 and later incorporated in 1998. The company initially started in the garage of a friend named Susan Wojcicki in Menlo Park, California.

Interesting Fact: Alphabet Inc. is the parent company of Google.

1998 – The Year of Initial Funding

Craig Silverstein was the first employee hired by Google. At present, there are over 114,096 employees working at Google.

By the end of the year, Google had an index of about 60 million pages.

BackRub is written in Java and Python and runs on several Sun Ultras and Intel Pentiums running Linux. The primary database is kept on a Sun Ultra II with 28GB of disk. Scott Hassan and Alan Steremberg have provided a great deal of very talented implementation help. Sergey Brin has also been very involved and deserves many thanks. – Larry Page

 Google in 1998

Google’s first Doodle – Burning Man

The Burning Man was the first Google Doodle was designed by the co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The Duo created the doodle to notify users of their absence in case the servers crashed.

Google Doodle

Interesting Fact: The first version of Google’s logo was designed by its Co-Founder, Sergey Brin, with a free graphic program called GIMP.

1999 – Moved Towards the Home of Startups (Silicon Valley)

The year 1999 holds a special place in the hearts of Page and Brin, in March, the company shifted to Palo Alto, California. Another major change came in the month of September when Google officially removed the beta from the title.

Google 1999

2000 – Adding New Languages

Google added ten new languages: French, German, Italian, Swedish, Finnish, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, Norwegian, Japanese, Chinese, Korean and Danish.

Interesting Fact: Google searches were made by 18 million people per day.

Google 2000

2001 – Google welcomed its first Chairman – Eric Schmidt

2001 was the year when Eric Schmidt joined Google as its first chairman and later became its chief executive officer. Moreover, Larry Page became president of products and Sergey Brin became president of technology.

Eric Schmidt

 

Interesting Fact: Google launches Google Image Search with over 250 million images in its search database.

Google 2001

2002 – Introduction of AdWords

With the introduction of AdWords, Google struck gold. It uses partly cookies and partly keywords characteristics to place advertising copy on pages depending on the relevance.

In September 2002, Google launched ‘Google News’ Krishna Bharat was the one who developed the idea of Google news. Currently, it is available in more than 35 languages across the globe.

Interesting Fact: On Oct. 15, 2002, the term “to Google” was used on the popular TV show, “Buffy the Vampire Slayer.”

Google 2002

2003 – The year of AdSense

In March 2003, Google launched its AdSense program. It was originally named as Content Targeting Advertising.

Interesting Fact: Google’s team of designers and illustrators has produced more than 2000 doodles for Google’s homepage since its first launch in August 1998.

2004 – Google Goes Public and the Launch of Gmail

After a long wait of five years, Google offers its IPO on 19 August 2004.  The interesting fact about the IPO was that the shares were sold in an online auction format using a system built by Morgan Stanley and Credit Suisse who were the underwriters for the deal.

Google nasdaq IPO image

Gmail is today one of the most dominant email platforms used across the world. However, the users took it as April fool prank when on April 1, 2004; Google genuinely launched its Gmail. It is a free mail service that can be accessed by the user from anywhere in the world.

Google Autocomplete was the first of its kind when it released in 2004. It added a fun new way to search the internet, and significantly improved the user experience of search workflow.

First Gmail Logo

Interesting Fact: The Company sold 19,605,052 shares of stock for $85 per share. It was valued at $27 billion.

2005 – The Year of Diversification

Android: Google acquired Android Inc. Android was founded by Andy Rubin, Chris White, Nick Sears, and Rich Miner. Key employees of Android, White, Miner and Rubin, also joined Google.

Google Mobile Web: With the rise in mobile users, Google decided to release its mobile web search for mobile users delivering the exact same results as on desktop.

Google Maps: It all started with when two Danish brothers Lars and Jens Eilstrup Rasmussen came up with an idea for a web app that will display static maps along with a searchable, scrollable and zoomable map.   

Google 2005

Interesting Fact: PAC-MAN became Google’s first-ever playable doodle on May 21, 2010, for the day being the 30th anniversary of the arcade game.

2006 – The Year of Fast Growth

In early 2005 YouTube changed the game with what was by far the most accessible and comprehensive video website on the internet. Coincidentally, Google released its competitor, Google Video, around the same time. Both were popular, but YouTube’s quickly growing platform was far too much for Google to overcome directly, so it outright bought the website for $1.65 billion in 2006.

YouTube 2005

2007 – Acquires DoubleClick

Street View in Google Maps debuts in five US cities.

Google acquires DoubleClick, an online advertising company.

In 2007, Fortune magazine listed Google as the number one company to work for in the U.S.

Interesting Fact: After two years, Google Maps first appeared on Apple’s first iPhone.

 

2008 – Google Launches the Chrome Browser

Launched in 2008, Google released firstly for Microsoft Windows and later ported to Linux, macOS, iOS, and Android. It later launched 43 supported languages.

Interesting Fact: New Yahoo partnership announced

2009 – Declaration of the Power

In November, Forbes magazine featured Sergey Brin and Larry Page as the fifth most powerful people in the world.

Interesting Fact: Introduction of Google Wave

2010 – Nexus One

Google launches its first branded smartphone, the Nexus One.

Nexus One

Google 2010

Interesting Fact:  Since 2010, Google has been acquiring an average of one company every week.

2011 – Meet the new CEO Larry Page

In April, Co-founder Larry Page takes over the role of CEO and Eric Schmidt becomes Executive Chairman.

Larry Page

 

2012 – 2013 – The launch of Chromecast

Google launches Chromecast, a dongle that allows people to stream content from their phones or computers to a TV.

Chromecast

Google 2013

Interesting Fact: Google’s first tweet was “I’m feeling lucky” in binary code.

2014 – 2015 – The New CEO – Sundar Pichai

 

Google folds itself into a new company called Alphabet with Page as its CEO. The new parent company includes businesses like Nest, Google X, Fiber and Google Ventures under its umbrella.

Google welcomes its new CEO Sundar Pichai.

Sunder Pichai 2014

Interesting Fact: Sundar Pichai joined Google in 2004. He has overseen the development of popular Google products like Chrome, Drive, Gmail, Google Apps, and Android.

Google 2014

2016 – The Launch of Google Pixel ‘First phone made by Google’

Google enters the home assistant wars with its AI-powered Google Home device.

Google launches a flagship phone called the Pixel, billed as “the first phone made by Google inside and out.”

Google Pixel

Interesting Fact: Pixel has free unlimited storage for images and videos.

2017 – Buys part of HTC

After years of working closely with the hardware manufacturer, Google finally buys HTC. It pays $1.1 billion to get its hands on smartphone expertise from the struggling Taiwanese manufacturer of its Nexus phones.

Interesting Fact: The total revenue of Alphabet crossed $100 billion ($110 billion) in 2017 — the first time in the company’s history of 20 years.

2018 – 20 years of Google

Alphabet, the parent company of Google, reports that it topped $100 billion in annual sales for the first time in Google’s 20-year history. The milestone is a testament to the strength of Google’s ad sales business in 2018.

Interesting Fact:  Alphabet leads Amazon to be the world’s largest Internet company by the company’s market capitalization.

 Google 2018

2019 – New CEO of Alphabet

On 3 December 2019, Sundar Pichai became CEO of Alphabet Inc.

Interesting Fact: Google to launch the interpreter mode. The upcoming feature will be available on all Android and Android Go phones. Google introduces support in seven new India languages including Tamil, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi and Urdu.

 

Sources:

  1. http://www.datesandevents.org/events-timelines/18-google-timeline.htm
  2. https://www.bizjournals.com/sanjose/news/2018/09/04/google-history-timeline-major-events-goog.html
  3. https://www.webdesignmuseum.org/timeline/google-1998
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google
  5. http://www.internethistorypodcast.com/2017/04/the-history-of-google/
  6. https://www.stateofdigital.com/google-taken-mobile-search/
  7. https://www.indiatoday.in/technology/features/story/9-things-that-google-announced-at-its-google-for-india-event-1601420-2019-09-20